The first certification on the Romanian Police was back to the reign of Neagoe Basarab or Mihai Viteazu (the creation of the Agia's institution), continuing with Mihai Sutzu's reign (the organization of the Capital Guard, the issuance of the first identity documents and the regulation of the arms harbor) and since 1806, the security and  orders institutions from the Capital have received the generic name of POLICE.

In 1821, Tudor Vladimirescu granted tax exemptions to those charged with maintaining public order and protecting citizens' property, and, in 1831 the police powers were extended through the Organic Regulations. The police reorganization took place during the Revolution from 1848, through the establishment of the head of capital's police to which the Municipal Guard is subordinated.

On June 9, 1850, Prince Ghica Voda issued the "Police Chronicle" which regulated, in the 158 articles, the tasks of "high police" and "ordinary police". This was the moment of creating the first central structure with attributions in the organization and coordination of the police activities.

Starting with the Law on the organization of the police made by Alexandru Ioan Cuza (4 November 1860), followed by the Law of Vasile Lascăr (April 1, 1903) and the Law on the Organization of the General Police of the State (8 July 1929), the police competencies are extended and relations with other state`s institutions are much better regulated.

By Decree no. 25 of January 23, 1949, the ʺMilitiaʺ was established, and by Decree - Law no. 2/27 of December 1989, the Romanian Police is re-established, and its competencies will be regulated subsequently by Law no. 26 of 18 May 1994 and by Law 218 of 23 April 2002.

Since 1990, the Romanian Police have undergone several stages of transformation aimed at ensuring the safety of individuals, communities, legitimate rights of citizens, and other rights provided in international acts to which Romania is a party.

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